As the name suggests, irregular rhythm in heart beat is called arrhythmia. Our heart normally beats 100 times in a minute and in children it is slight less.In case of arrhythmia some irregularities are found which need to be diagnosed properly. These irregular beats result in arrhythmia and is a serious disease among many people in present time.
The whole system is that the pacemaker of our heart sends tiny electrical signals or impulses which triggers the flow of blood to the rest part of the body.The signals make the heart contract and heart pumps blood.The rhythmic contraction and relaxation of the heart chambers supply blood to the body regularly. In case of arrhythmia this system gets disturbed.Basically the electrical signal controlling the blood flow gets affected and become too slow, too high or even irregular.So, this leads to arrhythmia.
Some of the classical symptoms of heart Arrhythmia are: palpitations, fainting, shortness of breath, chest pain, and dizziness. Though these are the symptoms they may not occur even in the serious Arrhythmia. Palpitations such as missed beats, butterflies, thumps, skips, racing or fluttering may be experienced by some people. They may be come in single or in multiple beats or may be felt any where from the stomach to head. Generally people get aware of the palpitation when going to sleep usually when they lie on the left side. Since at this time, they are silent, they may hear a drum beat sound.
The physician or the nurse may perform the diagnosis by testing blood, do a ECG( Electrocardiogram) and use heart monitor to which access the heat rate or beat.
Treatment of Arrhythmia: Treatment of arrhythmia is done by treatment of underlying disorder if it is caused by disease. Drugs are used for the treatment of rhythm disorder. As maximum cases of arrhythmia is treated with the drugs, Arrhythmia can also degrade the condition to 5 to 10%. Heart Arrhythmia disorder usually occur in sick people so the drugs of it are given in the hospital first. They are measured using EKG(Electrocardiogram), Holter monitor, telemeter, or electrophysiology studies.
Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (AICD): In 1980, a new approach was invented which was tested in human. The AICD houses a wallet sized case which again contain pulse generator. The treatment in this is based on the traditional cardioversion which contains two paddles which are connected to the external generator used to convert disordered rhythm to a normal one.
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